Nalbari District Profile

  INTRODUCTION:

        Nalbari District is situated in between Kamrup and Barpeta District. For better administration, old Kamrup District has been divided into three Districts. Nalbari was declared a sub division of undivided Kamrup District in 1967. Rajendra Mohan Goswami, ACS was first Sub Divisional Officer in Nalbari. Nalbari Sub Division is formally declared as a District in 14th August,1985.Shri V.K. Pipersenia, IAS, was first Deputy Commissioner in Nalbari.    

             Nalbari district was further devided in 2003 for creation of Baska district in B.T.A.D area.A sizeable area comprising most of the upland , forest area and Tea garden area  of original district has fallen into the newly created Baska district under B.T.A.D. area.

 A. GENERAL INFORMATION:

              1. Geographical Location: 

             The Nalbari District is situated in between 26oN and 26.51o N latitude and 91o E and 91.47o E longitude . The north and west side of the district is bounded by Baska and Barpeta district respectively .The  south and east side of the district is bounded by Kamrup district.

               2. Area and Administrative Division: 

           The Nalbari District is now having  an area of 1009.57 sq.km. consisting of 1(one) Civil Sub-Division, 7 nos.Revenue Circle, 7nos. Community Development Blocks,  5 nos. Police Stations,7no. Anchalik Panchayats and 65 no. Gaon Panchayats covering 471 villages

              3. Physical features 

          The entire area of the District is situated at the plans of the Brahmaputra Valley. The tributaries of the Brahmaputra, Nona, Buradia, Pagaldia, Borolia and Tihu which are originated from the foothills of the Himalayan Range are wild in nature and have enormous contribution towards the agrarian economy of the district.

              4. Soil

            The Soil condition of District is a heterogeneous one. The Soil of the northern part of the district is clayey and loamy where as middle part is loamy and sandy. The Soil of the southern part of the district is composed of sandy soil.

             5. Climate & Rainfall  

           The District has a sub-tropical climate with semi dry hot summer and cold winter. During summer, generally during the months from May to August, heavy rainfall occurs for which the district experiences flood. The District experiences annual (average) rainfall and humidity @ 1500 mm and @ 80 % respectively.

B. POPULATION OF THE DISTRICT:

            1. Population :

         Accordingly to 2011 census, the total populations of the District is 769919  .  Rural population 687368 and Urban population is 82551.Male Population is 395804 and Female population is 374115.

         2.Population structure

           As per 2011 Census, out of the total population of the district of 7.7 Lakh  89.28% lives in Rural area  and only 10.72% lives in Urban area . Percentage of SC and ST population according to 2001 census is 7.23 and  3.31 percentage respectively. 76.05% of total population are Hindu, 22.10% Muslim, 1.61% Christian, 0.01% Sikhs, , 0.08% Bhudhist, .08% Jains, 0.01% are other religion and 0.06% are not stated according to 2001 Census.

3.Density : 

          The density per sq. km. In the District is 763 persons  per sq. km. Decadal growth rate is 11.74 as per 2001 census.

       

       C .Literacy & Education: 

           The literacy rate of Nalbari district is 79.89% as per 2011 census.The male literacy rate is 85.58% and female literacy rate is 73.85%.

           Nalbari is one of the Educationally advanced district in Assam. Gurdon Govt. Higher Secondary  school is the oldest educational institution of Nalbari district. It was established as middle school in 1887  , which was formally declared as Nalbari high School  in 1917.Later on this was named as Nalbari Gurdon High school. There are 12 no. of colleges, 6 No. of Junior colleges , 21 No. of Higher secondary Schools , 74 No. of High Schools  , 154 No of Middle Schools and 883 No of Primary Schools.

          

     How to reach :

       Road links to Nalbari is through National Highway 31 and Broadgauge Line. Nalbari town is 2 Km away from the National Highway 31. Nearest Railway Junction is Rangia. Nalbari Town is 60 Km away from Guwahati Bus Stand.

    By Bus

      1. From Guwahati : Avail any delux bus or auto to Adabari Public Bus Stand and from  there take any Nalbari Bounded Bus and get down in Nalbari Town.

      2. From L.G.B. Airport, Borjhar Guwahati:  Avail a taxi to Adabari Bus Stand from  there take any  Nalbari  Bounded   Bus.

    By Train      

    From Paltan Bazar Railway Station avail any Train and get down in Nalbari Railway Station. Major Trains are Kamrup Express , Brahmaputra Mail, Inter-city Express , Chifung Mail ,. Manash Rhino Passanger train . Train takes maximum 2 hours to reach Nalbari.                                              

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